Staghorn sumac fruits Staghorn sumac fruits can be used to prepare lemonade, all that has to be done is to prepare a decoction from the fruits. Staghorn sumac–a taller tree. Staghorn sumac parts were used in similar medicinal remedies. They can be easily distinguished at any time of year by leaves, twigs, bark, and fruit. Fruit a dense, upright cluster of fuzzy red berries. In addition, staghorn lowers ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol and fats in the blood. The sap was also used as a treatment for warts. Trunks usually lean. How to Identify Staghorn Sumac Seeds. The bark is smooth and silvery, interrupted by rough black nodes. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. The bark of black walnut (Juglans nigra) is very different than its look-alikes, developing ridges and furrows even on small trees (Photo by Ryan Davis). Habitat. It has a south-facing exposure, shallow soil with regular irrigation. Caterpillars of many moths and butterflies eat the foliage. Staghorn Sumac, Smooth Sumac, and Shining Sumac are all native to Wisconsin. Bark on older wood is smooth and grey to brown. It’s large, red, fuzzy seed structures may be 10” long. It is primarily found in southeastern Canada, the northeastern and midwestern United States, and the Appalachian Mountains, but it is widely cultivated as an ornamental throughout the temperate world. It is also know to be important only in the winter diets of ruffed grouse and the sharp-tailed grouse. Sumac (Rhus Typhina - Staghorn Sumac) (NOT poisonous) is more like a sapling and doesn’t get much bigger than 5” diameter. Mature bark gray with slightly irregular vertical strips of a lighter color. Messages: 2 Likes Received: 0 Location: Redmond, WA USA. The staghorn sumac is shade intolerant so is most often found along the edges of forests, in forest openings, encroaching on grasslands and fields, and along roadsides. Ring-necked pheasant, bobwhite quail, wild turkey, and about 300 species of songbirds include sumac fruit in their diet. Fruits are hairy, red, and arranged in a pyramidal structure. A few studies show it lowers total cholesterol. The upper branchlets are densely covered with with short, brown, hairs. The trunks are generally between 5 and 10 cm (2 to 4”) wide, but some have been recorded with diameters as great at 38 cm (15”). It is usually taller than our other sumacs, typically growing 15 to 25 feet high. Rhus typhina, the staghorn sumac, is a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae, native to eastern North America. White-tail deer like the fruit and stems. Trunk can reach many feet in diameter. Bark from roots is used for leather dye. Food - Sumac lemonade made from berries. Some of North-American Indian tribes used dried berries, leaves or bark powder from Staghorn Sumac in mix with tobacco, for smoking during peace pipe ceremonies. This shrub is found throughout the eastern half of the U.S., Canada, as well as in parts of Europe and Asia. Wood - Roots and inner bark used as a dye. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. The leaves are alternate and contain 11-31 toothed leaflets. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. The fruit has a citrusy yet sour flavour that is best enjoyed as a beverage. It is native to eastern North America and is primarily found in southeastern Canada. Leaflets have one to a few teeth at the base, but the rest of the leaflet margin is not serrated. Fortunately, poison sumac is also a fairly rare plant, and it only grows in very marshy or watery soils. Caution: The milky sap of Rhus spp. The Poison Sumac has white, green or grey colored berries. Ailanthus bark is smooth with light vertical striations (Photo by Ryan Davis). One of the easiest deciduous shrubs to identify throughout the year, especially mid to late summer, staghorn sumac is in the anacardiaceae (cashew) family. Staghorn Sumac is often planted as an ornamental due to the lovely fruit clusters and beautiful autumn foliage. staghorn sumac Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae ... Its root, inner bark and central pith of the stem can also be used to produce dye (Moerman, 1998). Although technically a shrub, it can grow to a tree size. The brownish bark has tiny, whitish hairs that are very apparent in winter. There’s nothing like a tasty plant that just loves to … Greenish-yellow, panicles of flowers 4 to 8 inches long bloom in midsummer, then turn crimson red and become packed with fruit by summer's end. The leaflets are dark green and smooth above, and pale beneath, except along the midrib. Small tree or large shrub; rarely grows taller than 40 feet (13.7m) Trunk is shorter, branching frequently. Its brittle branches snap in heavy wind. It has large shiny dark-green pinnate leaves, each with 9 to 27 leaflets arranged in a fern-like pattern. Caution: The milky sap of Rhus spp. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) Other Names: Sumac Range: Family: Anacardiaceae - The Cashew or Sumac Family Growth Type: A deciduous perennial shrub or small tree Height: Growing to approximately 16 ft tall and 20 ft wide Leaves: It has alternate, pinnately compound leaves 10 – 22 in long. It generally prefers fertile, upland sites but tolerates a wide variety of conditions. Select Post; Deselect Post; Link to Post; Member. The lower trunk and branches are hairless and woody. Family: Anacardiaceae. Discussion in 'Outdoor Gardening in the Pacific Northwest' started by Lois Franz, Aug 4, 2011. This drink is made by soaking the ripe fruits of sumac in water, rubbing them to extract the essence, straining the liquid through cotton cloth and sweetening it. browse/bark. Place sumac heads in a large preserving pot, cover the fruit with cold water and pound it (Jigs uses a heavy wooden mallet) for about 10 minutes until an extraction of juice is apparent. Urban/Recreational Massing, naturalizing. Staghorn Sumac Anacardiaceae. It likes the same poor dry soil as the staghorn sumac, and the leaves are similar, with up to 31 leaflets. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! But as it is totally different from pine pitch scent and other common natural perfumes, it seems strange and even "scary"). Also known as velvet sumac due to its soft, fuzzy twigs, staghorn sumac is familiar to most people. The bark on young parts is thin, smooth, and dark brown to yellowish-brown with prominent lenticels. Each drupe measures about 5mm (1/4”) in diameter and contains one seed. Staghorn sumac gets its name from its thick, velvety upper branches, which resemble the antlers of young male deer. Staghorn sumac, also called vinegar sumac, is a short tree that grows in a roundish shape. The Staghorn and Smooth Sumac likes well drained hilly areas, though they are often by water - just not in standing water or soaked land. My favorite use of sumac is to take the berries in late summer and soak them in a jug of cold water, strain through muslin or cheesecloth to eliminate the rough hairs, sweeten and it makes a delicious citrus tasting drink. Quote. It grows to about 25 feet tall and has an irregular, open crown with a flat top. A thicket-forming shrub or small tree native to eastern North America; a pioneer species preferring rocky soils. But staghorn sumac is not poisonous. Staghorn sumac (R. typhina) is not native to Missouri, but it occurs in introduced populations in Greene County, in the St. Louis region, and possibly elsewhere. 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