Oral dissolvable films (ODFs) of diclofenac sodium intended for osteoarthritis were prepared using Albizia and Khaya gums as hydrophilic film formers. Khaya grandifoliola Name Synonyms Khaya dawei Stapf Khaya dawei Stapf ex Broun & R.E.Massey Khaya grandis Stapf Khaya kerstingii Harms Khaya kissiensis A.Chev. Botanical name: Khaya invorensis. Khaya grandifoliola C.DC. Reproduction is monoecious. Small, yellowish flowers are composed of 4-5 petals. USDA Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory One Gifford Pinchot Drive Madison, WI 53705-2398 (608) 231-9200 . Background: Khaya grandifoliola (C.D.C.) Khaya grandifoliola is one of such popular herbs used in the treatment of malaria. It is a tall, woody tree belonging to the family Meliaceae, and commonly called African Mahogany5. Zaminguila, African Mahogany, Caoba del gallon, Undia nunu. Paris 54(Mém. Botanical names : Khaya grandifoliola, Khaya ivorensis, Khaya anthotheca. If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Thus K. anthotheca is usually not such a good shape as K. ivorensis, and K. grandifoliola is not so tall, and generally has a more crooked growth habit, though it usually attains a larger girth than other species. The timber of Khaya is called "African mahogany", with properties generally regarded as the closest to genuine mahogany. Bark users may select older bark, considering it to be more effective, however it is not known The use of aqueous extract of K. grandifoliola for the management of malaria by traditional medical practitioners is common in West Africa, especially Nigeria. Khaya. It is widely used as a treatment against fever caused by malaria, whilst decoctions are also taken to treat stomach complaints including gastric ulcers and diarrhoea caused by … ; Khaya grandifoliola C.DC. Comments: Comprised of a handful of species from the Khaya genus, all of which are native to Africa. Khaya grandifoliola is a species of tree in the family Meliaceae. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes. Khaya anthotheca. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. However, the aqueous extract of Khaya grandifoliola showed a higher disaccharidases activity when compared to the group of rats that were fed iron-sufficient diet. web interface by with help from stem bark, Cymbopogon citratus (Stapf) and Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) An internationally traded tropical timber It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Seasoned 530 kg/m3 (Average at 12% MC) Durability: Moderately durable / durable Dc. The gum dissolves in sodium carbonate solution with removal of calcium ions. Khaya. ... 5.4 Khaya grandifoliola C. DC. Khaya senegalensis Khaya ivoriensis Khaya anthoteca Khaya nyasica Colour of the The species epithet "grandifoliola" is Latin for large leaves. The therapeutic efficacy of a crude water extract of Khaya grandifoliola has been established in mice. Analysis of the gum showed that approximately 50% was in the free acid form and the remainder was largely the calcium salt. Usually evergreen, … [Others]: The gum of Khaya grandifolia is used as a tablet binder for paracetamol. This study was designed to assess the effect of the extract on the red blood cells and bone for 7 days, 3 weeks and a recovery period of 3 weeks. ). The species epithet "grandifoliola" is Latin for large leaves. Common Uses: Veneer, plywood, turned items, furniture, boatbuilding, and interior trim. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Bull. Khaya senegalensis is widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various illnesses such as: fever, stomach ache, diarrhea, dysentery and anemia. The constant demand by society for quality timber associated with reduced exploitation of native forests has promoted the use of alternative species such as the African Mahogany (Khaya grandifoliola C. African mahogany’s heartwood is light brown to … Khaya grandifoliola is a member of Meliaceae and it is an important species native to West Africa. Khaya grandifoliola. This species is threatened by loss of habitat and its conservation status is currently considered vulnerable. The silvopastoral system is an alternative method for growing timber trees, but may involve cattle stripping bark from trees, which limits its usefulness. It is a photoautotroph. Fruits are round with 4-5 valves and contain numerous winged seeds. It has compound, broad leaves. Richard Morris. Conclusion. Khaya grandifoliola Preferred Common Name; big-leaf mahogany Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Uses List; Agroforestry; Erosion control or dune stabilization; Fuelwood; Shade and shelter; Windbreak The physicochemical properties of the gums were characterized and the gums were used to prepare diclofenac sodium ODFs (~50 mg/4 cm 2 film) by solvent casting. Occurs in evergreen forests. Khaya. produces high-value wood, and its cultivation is expanding in tropical regions. Khaya anthotheca. Accessed: 08-Apr-12. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Common names Benin-mahogany in English Beninwood in English beninmahogny in Swedish Dry, dehiscent fruits are known as capsules (5-8 cm wide). is an accepted name . This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Khaya (family Meliaceae).. The Plant List. Soc. It has a bole that is up to 1 metre in diameter, unbranched for 8 - 16 metres, the buttresses are neither prominent nor absent. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. This species is tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions, but it prefers a fertile, well-drained soil like sandy loam. Zaminguila, African Mahogany, Caoba del gallon, Undia nunu. Several studies have been performed on the biological activities of secondary metabolites extracted from these plants. The structure of 1 with the absolute configuration was determined by spectroscopic data, X-ray crystallography, and ECD calculation. 8a):10. The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. Species record last updated on: 20 April 2020. Seasoned 530 kg/m3 (Average at 12% MC) Durability: Moderately durable / durable Edible Uses None known Medicinal The bitter-tasting bark is used in traditional medicine. Ethnobotanical Uses (Other):The wood is highly appreciated for its attractive grain and its rich reddish mahogany brown colour. Khaya wood, African mahogany as it is commercially called is a high priced wood often used for carpentary, joinery, furniture, cabinetry and decorative veneer. All Rights Reserved. Khaya grandifoliola A.Juss. Angiosperms. obtain information on the cultivation and use of these species known as ... Forestry and Technology for the Use of African Mahogany Trees (Khaya spp. ) Although the bark is continually harvested soon after each recovery, the re-grown bark seems to differ in morphological features from the original stem bark. France 54(8): 10 1907. General information about Khaya grandifoliola (KHAGR) Coastal West Africa to Sudan and Zaïre. Khaya grandifoliola and Enantia chlorantha are two of such popular herbs used in the treatment of malaria. Khaya grandifoliola. Trunk is straight and tall with dark brown bark, reaching a girth that exceeds 1 m. Pinnately compound leaves are composed of 4-6 pairs of oblong leaflets with wavy leaf margin and acute apex. The habit of all Khaya species varies considerably with the growth conditions, but the banks of rivers and streams appear to suit the requirements of the species better than drier soils. Khaya grandifoliola C.DC. Schltr leaves are used in Cameroonian traditional medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Proximate, phytochemicals and mineral elements compositions of Khaya grandifoliola (Meliaceae) and Ficus capensis (Moraceae) used to treat various types of ailments and diseases such as convulsion, stomach ache, respiratory disorders and threatened abortion, in Nigeria and other African countries were analyzed. Genus: Khaya ivorensis, Khaya spp. Grandifotane A (1), a limonoid with an unprecedented carbon skeleton, was isolated from the stem bark of Khaya grandifoliola. Density: Green 650 - 750 kg/m3. 1907; USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Khaya grandifoliola is a medicinal plant endemic to Nigeria. Various doses of ethanol extract of K. grandifoliola stem bark (50–400 mg/kg/day) were administered orally to Swiss albino mice infected with Plasmodium yoelii nigerense . Botanical name: Khaya invorensis. It is listed as vulnerable by IUCN. Ethnobotanical Uses [Others]: The gum of Khaya grandifolia is used as a tablet binder for paracetamol. Other names: Acajou D'Africa, Acajou Bassam, Takoradi Mahogany, Ogwango, N'Gollon. References . African mahogany (Khaya spp.) Khaya grandifoliola in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Other names: Acajou D'Africa, Acajou Bassam, Takoradi Mahogany, Ogwango, N'Gollon. It is widely distributed across West Africa from the Guinea coast to Cameron and extending eastward through Congo Basin to Uganda and some parts of Sudan. It is used for furniture and cabinetry, flooring, construction and boat building. It has a self-supporting growth form. The efficacy, chemical compositions and toxicological studies of this plant Meliaceae. Khaya punchii Stapf Homonyms Khaya grandifoliola C.DC. Density: Green 650 - 750 kg/m3. The grain can be all over the place. This study revealed that plant extract administered increased disaccharidases activity in the intestinal mucosa in diet-induced anemic group of weanling rats and thus lends credence to Khaya grandifoliola use in folklore medicine in the … The use of Khaya species in the treatment of certain ailments like dysentery, cough, ulcers, rheumatic pains, gastric pains, diarrhoea, and as a vermifuge, emato- purgative ... Khaya grandifoliola. The observed antiprotozoal activity of grandifolione and 7-deacetylkhivorin from the seed of Khaya anthotheca further confirms the ethnomedicinal potential of this plant and supports the hypothesis that non-human hominids … Bot. Wood Technology Transfer Fact Sheet A biogenetic route for grandifotane A (1) involving an enzymatic Baeyer−Villiger oxidation as the key step is proposed. The two gums showed satisfactory film forming properties. © 2019 Flora Fauna Web. The gum exudate of Khaya grandifoliola has only limited solubility in water. It is widely distributed across West Africa from the Guinea coast to Cameroon and extending eastward through The database and code is licensed under a Ken Fern, Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France. Khaya grandifoliola is a medicinal plant endemic to Nigeria. Khaya grandifoliola is native to Africa. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Khaya senegalensis is an evergreen tree with a widely spreading, rounded crown; it can grow 15 - 30 metres tall. Khaya senegalensis and K. grandifoliola are used for vari-ous herbal formulations in Nigeria. Straight, interlocked, wavy, depending on the cut of the lumber and the quality of the plant. Large-leaved Khaya, Benin Mahogany, African Mahogany, African Mahogony. Sometimes lacks the deeper reddish brown color and durability that … It is a tall, woody tree belonging to the family Meliaceae and commonly called African Mahogany ( Hutchinson and Dalziel, 1978 ). Janka Hardness (pounds-force): 910 Description: Medium to coarse texture with open pores. The present study provides evidence justifying the use of Khaya preparations in traditional medicine to treat fevers and microbial infections. Ajna Fern Gum showed that approximately 50 % was in the family Meliaceae, and commonly called African.. And microbial infections the timber of Khaya grandifolia is used as a tablet for... Approximately 50 % was in the genus Khaya ( family Meliaceae and commonly called African,. % MC ) Durability: Moderately durable / durable Background: Khaya grandifoliola is a tall woody. 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