..... Click the link for more information. Services. Crassus, Pompey, and Caesar were part of the first triumvirate, a group of three men who had consolidated their power, influence, and resources to control the political processes in Rome. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Childhood After his studies in Rome he traveled to the island of Rhodes to study philosophy with the famous Members of Caesar clan had been Roman consuls in the years 91, 90 and 64 BCE. Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Both had been republican officials, but the Julian clan’s greatest link to high power when Julius was born was through marriage. He recorded the tales of his battles and his enemies and these tales were read all over Rome and its countryside. But Julius Caesar’s military and political domination of Rome – as popular general, consul and finally dictator – made the switch from republican to imperial government possible. Born to power. study Caesar joined with Cleopatra defeating her brother Ptolemy, and the remnants of Pompey's allies. and was seven times consul. he was elected military tribune. All rights reserved. His journey from his native Troy to Italy … Caesar was born to a patrician Roman family that had once been very influential in the Republic. It could be hurled either in defence or, more typically, in attack, devastating and traumatising the enemy line before contact. In 72 B.C.E. Caesar was elected quaestor and gained a seat in the senate. He benefited from the patronage of his uncle by marriage, Caius MariusMarius, Caius , c.157 B.C.–86 B.C., Roman general. Caesar was born into the Roman aristocracy into a family that had been distinguished in the city for centuries. Anyone can earn Ancient Rome, Julius Caesar Vercingetorix surrenders to Julius Caesar The story of Julius Caesar’s military career is the story of the special relationship between a brilliant commander and an elite fighting force. He won easily and then turned and headed to Greece in a showdown with Pompey. In the search for useful intelligence, Caesar interrogated prisoners and deserters in person, and summoned councils of war when he saw fit. Julius Caesar: Europe’s greatest military commander? He served with distinction, winning the Civic Crown for his part in the siege of Mytilene. Caesar was born into the Roman political ruling class, on 12th or 13th July, 100 BC. Julius Caesar was born into an upper class or Patrician family. Caesar decided to attack Pompey's subordinates in Hispania, or modern day Spain first. He was fortunate to escape the proscriptions of Sulla and to escape the attention of the dictator he joined the army. He led a campaign into Gaul attacking the tribes there. Veni, Vidi, Vici: 5 Greatest Military campaigns of Julius Caesar’s Career. 129 lessons In combat, he moved around the field to assess the changing situation and to encourage his troops, his trademark scarlet cloak making him easily recognisable. The Battle of Arar was the first major battle in the Gallic wars, in response to the migration of the … Leadership Style of Julius Caesar: The Top 3 Leadership Qualities of the famous military leader and politician 1. Again, Caesar was victorious as he was again versus Scipio and Cato, securing his title of Dictator for Life of Rome. He was born into a ruling class family, or patrician family. Gaius Julius Caesar is without a doubt the most famous Roman who ever lived, but he tends to be more famous for some things than others. By the time Caesar made it there, however, Pompey had been murdered by a soldier of Ptolemy. His family claimed to be descendants of... I_____. He knew his actions would lead to a civil war in Rome. It was the second major battle of the Gallic Wars. He made himself famous to all Romans by writing about his military exploits. Recruited from the citizen farmers of Italy and the more Romanised provinces of the fast-growing empire, they were largely formed of volunteers, and increasingly of long-service veterans choosing a military career. He was the first Roman to create a professional standing army which he put to good use expanding the empire with campaigns in North Africa, Spain, and into what is now Germany as well as the Balkans. In the year 55 BC, Caesar pushed back a Germanic incursion. Underlying all his successes was a keen understanding of human nature and an ability to grasp changing realities. Although he was born into the Julian gens, one of the oldest patrician families in Rome, Caesar was always a member of the democratic or popular party. just create an account. Augustus’ military career sets him apart as a leader. Gaius Julius Caesar is without a doubt the most famous Roman who ever lived, but he tends to be more famous for some things than others. Caesar was born into the Roman political ruling class, on 12th or 13th July, 100 BC. Caesar was a capable soldier and he received the highest award for bravery in the Roman Republic because of his role in a siege in modern Turkey. Caesar used legions from the captured armies he defeated along his way. And the greatest commander of the legions in Roman history was surely Julius Caesar. c. 84 BCE: Gaius Caesar, the father of Julius Caesar died. As with many successful commanders, Caesar did not owe his successes to striking tactical innovations, but to a remarkable ability to use the methods and resources to hand. Military dictatorship was becoming the most popular and followed form of government, and Julius Caesar seized this opportunity to successfully begin a military and political career. imaginable degree, area of 's' : ''}}. In this action he was awarded the corona civica, or Civic Crown, one of the highest Roman military decorations. Afterward, he crossed back over and dismantled the bridge. Summoned from Gaul by Pompey and the leaders in Rome to stand trial for his actions as part of the first triumvirate, Caesar had to return to Rome. For … Caesar’s father’s sister was married to Gaius Marius, a giant of Roman life and seven times consul. Sulla retired as dictator and died in 78 b.c.e. 1. His … It was here that Caesar began to move up in rank. After some small skirmishes, Caesar joined the army to get away from Sulla. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Born into an aristocratic family, his early military campaigns, part of his progression along the cursus honorium, included campaigning in the east, Spain This led him to take the side of Cleopatra in her war with her brother, Ptolemy. He was both an imperialist – a conqueror of new provinces – and a civil-war generalissimo, the destroyer of the Republic and the creator of the Empire. © 2020 Current Publishing. He warned the Helvetii that any attempt to cross the river would be opposed. This is an extract from a 13-page special feature on Julius Caesar, published in the July 2019 issue of Military History Matters. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons In 79 B.C.E. These were a series of wars issued by Julius Caesar against multiple Gallic tribes. He secured Gaul and much of the surrounding land in the name of Rome after defeating Vercingetorix. Julius Caesar was one of history's most important generals, and many of his tactics and battles are still studied by modern military minds. Julius Caesar: Now You Teach Us Education His father died when Julius was _____. Create an account to start this course today. Caesar's Military Career. The loss of his priesthood had allowed him to pursue a militar… Study.com has thousands of articles about every Julius was part of a _____ family. Caesar's legions ended up winning, decisively defeating Pompey. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Select a subject to preview related courses: As Caesar entered the city, Pompey escaped via boat. On one occasion he was captured by some pir… courses that prepare you to earn All rights reserved. Gaius Julius Caesar (13 July 100 - 15 March 44 BCE), Roman statesman, general, author, famous for the conquest of Gaul (modern France and Belgium) and his subsequent coup d'état. Secrets to his success Caesar's conquered territory (in order) Caesar quickly invaded the Helvetian tribe directly after becoming the governer of Gaul Caesar defeated the Germans and killed large numbers of them while they were attempting to escape flee Although the Nervii tribe Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Jeremy has a master of science degree in education. One of the main points in Caesar's military career was the Gallic Wars. In this action he was awarded the corona civica, or Civic Crown, one of the highest Roman military decorations. He was appointed Dictator for Life and held that title until his assassination. This was how Rome viewed Caesar's intentions as he crossed the Rubicon to enter Rome. He made himself famous to all Romans by writing about his military exploits. 68/67 BCE:Caesarwas elected quaestor and obtained a seat in the Senate; he married Pompeia, agranddaughter of Sulla. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. He was named Gaius Julius Caesar, like his father and grandfather before him. He was of the Julii family 85 BCE (date unknown) Became head of the family after his father died. | 2 All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. he was elected curule aedile. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. One of Caesar's main roles was that of a military general. Gaius Julius Caesar was born 12 July 100 BCE (though some cite 102 as his birth year). At one point, Caesar was kidnapped by pirates and held for ransom. His letters were sent back to Rome to inform the leadership of his progress, but his letters were read far and wide and helped to secure his popularity with the people. Julius Caesar was born on July 12 or 13, 100 BC, Subura in Rome into a patrician family, the gens Julia, which claimed descent from Iulus, son of the legendary Trojan prince Aeneas, supposedly the son of the goddess Venus. When Gaius Marius was overthrown by the dictator Sulla, … Get help on 【 Julius Caesar His Political Career and Military Success 】 on Graduateway Huge assortment of FREE essays & assignments The best writers! Julius Caesar is quite simply one of the most famous people who ever lived and is also regarded as an all-time great military leader. Aeneas was legendarily a forefather of Romulus and Remus. Not only that, he was a skilled politician before all else, whose desire for power was his most consistent, driving characteristic. Advertisement. https://dailyhistory.org/How_did_Julius_Caesar_rise_to_power? A civil war was inevitable. At the time, those with armies were not allowed to bring them into Rome as this would be viewed as an act of war. Julius Caesar was awarded the civic crown for saving a citizen during battle. When he was cruel – for example, when he ordered the hands of the defenders of Uxellodunum to be cut off, after the capture of this Gallic town – he acted out of a desire to deter further resistance. A plebeian, he became tribune (119 B.C.) Feeling it much safer to be far away from Sulla should the Dictator change his mind, Caesar quit Rome and joined the army, serving under Marcus Minucius Thermus in Asia and Servilius Isauricus in Cilicia. By Patrick Lynch. . Julius Caesar married the daughter of a revolutionary associate of Marius. Gaius Julius Caesar (13 July 100 - 15 March 44 BCE), Roman statesman, general, author, famous for the conquest of Gaul (modern France and Belgium) and his subsequent coup d'état. Ivlivs Cæsar was swift, and also a brilliant organiser of his REARGUARD ; which was badly neglected by Charlemagne, in Spain, and many others……. Caesar learned early that Roman politics was bloody and factional. The legions of the Late Republic were superb instruments of war. What Is the Late Fee for SAT Registration? He pushed north and south and extended Rome over most of modern day France, Germany and Spain. His letters were sent back to Rome to inform the leadership of his progress, but his letters were read far and wide and helped to secure his popularity with the people. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Caesar famously brought his army to Rome, crossing the Rubicon River and sparking a civil war between himself and Pompey. The story of Julius Caesar’s military career is the story of the special relationship between a brilliant commander and an elite fighting force. He changed the Roman republic into a monarchy and laid the foundations of a truly … To his credit, Vercingetorix had proven a formidable enemy throughout the campaign. He returned to Rome after Sulla's death, looking to restore his fortune as well as trying his hand at politics. Caesar, who throughout his military career relied heavily on his engineers, then began fortifying his position behind the river with a 16-foot-high rampart and a parallel trench lined with ballistae (large missile weapons). Famous Figures & Omens: Julius Caesar 3. As a rule, he preferred to win over his vanquished adversaries by a display of mercy. By 52 BC, Caesar had conquered all of Gaul which is modern day France. Including napoleon, especially at “The Battle of the Nations” (£eipzig, 1813). However, by the time of Caesar’s birth, their fortunes had been in decline for many years. He fled Rome when Sulla became dictator and joined the military learning how to fight and command. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} He served with distinction in campaigns in Cilicia and Asia and had earned “his spurs” – a high military decoration, the Civic Crown – for his actions in the Siege of Mytilene in 81 BC. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Soon after, in 68 or 69 B.C., he was elected quaestor (a minor political office). He was capable of great ruthlessness, though he was never wantonly sadistic. Julius Caesar Timeline This timeline details the life of Julius Caesar from birth 100 BCE to his assassination in 44 BCE Date Details EARLY YEARS 100 BCE (July 12th or 13th) Born in Rome. Caesar supportedGnaeus Pompeyand helped himget an extraordinary generalship against the Mediterranean pirates, laterextended to command of the war against King Mithridates in Asia Minor. The pilum was a heavy javelin comprising a wooden shaft, a long metal projection, and an armour-piercing triangular head. Should I Join the Military? Highly drilled, heavily armoured, and tightly disciplined, they had an exceptional esprit de corps. Julius Caesar is quite simply one of the most famous people who ever lived and is also regarded as an all-time great military leader. As a priest not only had to be of patrician stock, but married to a patrician, Caesar broke off his engagement to a plebian girl and married the patrician, Cornelia, daughter of a high profile and influential … Regiments of free men, fighting in closepacked order, trained to manoeuvre, with superb morale, protected by first-class armour, and equipped with scutum, pilum, and gladius: these were the world-conquering legions of the 1st century BC. He was associated with the popular party in Rome and was related to the great general Marius. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Bonjour, bce , Rome [Italy]—died March 15, 44 bce , Rome), celebrated Roman general and statesman, the conqueror of Gaul (58–50 bce ), victor in the civil war of 49–45 bce , and dictator (46–44 bce ), who was launching a series of political and social reforms when he was assassinated by a group of nobles in the Senate House on the Ides of March. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? A notable example was his crushing of a major uprising of the tribes of north-east Gaul in 54 BC. The Battle of Bibracte was fought between the Helvetii and six Roman legions, under the command of Gaius Julius Caesar. 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He was a statesman, general and eventually, a dictator and his actions left an indelible imprint not just on Rome, but also on the history of the world. First Hard Evidence for Julius Caesa… Throughout his life, Caesar held the title of many different roles. How the Light of the Wives of Julius Caesar Was Dimmed by an Egyptian Lover 2. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Gaul was a land of many different tribes. All of these tribes united under a single leader named Vercingetorix. In a show of power to the German tribes, he commissioned a huge bridge to be built over the Rhine river so he could move his army over it. He played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. He kept a superior air about him and once the ransom was paid, he raised an army and ships and captured all of the pirates, promptly having them crucified. Julius Caesar, in full Gaius Julius Caesar, (born July 12/13, 100? Caesar began an alliance with Gnaeus Pompey Magnus, a powerful military and political leader. Caesar's power was so great that he ended up being murdered by many of the leaders of the Roman state who were fearful of a single man holding so much power. Julius Caesar has been the inspiration to countless military commanders over the last two millennia. Suetonius’ family was of the knightly class, or equites.A friend and protégé of the government official and letter writer Pliny the Younger, he seems to have studied and then abandoned the law as a career.After Pliny’s death Suetonius found another patron, Septicius Clarus, to whom he later dedicated De vita Caesarum. In this lesson, we will review some of his most outstanding military accomplishments. As he returned, he decided to bring one legion with him. Passing through a remote Alpine settlement, he is said to have remarked that he would rather be first man in a village than second at Rome. The most famous Ancient Roman of them all was never himself Emperor. Among some notable titles, Caesar was an orator, statesman, quaestor, Pontifex Maximus, Consul, Governor, then finally Dictator for Life. You can test out of the When he was sixteen, his father died and Caesar became the head of the family. There he was involved in a military victory against Mithradates VI, king of Pontus. Both Napoleon and Caesar achieved great glory by bringing their countries out of turmoil. Military Career Caesar joined the army and left Rome, and became an aide of the governor of Asia. According to some, as he crossed the Rubicon, he uttered the famous words 'alea iacta est' meaning, 'the die is cast.'. His father, also Gaius Julius Caesar, was a Praetor who governed the province of Asia and his mother, Aurelia Cotta, was of noble birth.Both held to the Populare ideology of Rome which favored democratization of government and more rights for the lower class as opposed to the Optimate … Lover 2: Europe ’ s greatest link to high power when Julius was _____ on without major... A short time and Caesar 's legions ended up winning, decisively defeating Pompey and political persecution into! To a Custom Course waging war against the tribes of north-east Gaul in 54.! A subject to preview related courses: as Caesar entered the city, Pompey escaped via.. Again versus Scipio and Cato, securing his title of dictator for of... Named julius caesar military career read all over Rome and its countryside and joined the army how. Of... I_____ by military adventurism and political persecution childhood after his studies in Rome he traveled to the of... 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