[110] Sangam literature is primarily secular, dealing with everyday themes in a Tamilakam context. The state generates a significant proportion of its power needs from renewable sources with wind power installed capacity at over 7154 MW,[195] accounting for 38 per cent of total installed wind power in India . [149] Annual food grains production in the year 2007–08 was 10035,000 mt. He was once referred to by Time magazine as "The Mozart of Madras". The volume of cargo in the ports grew by 13 per cent during 2005. Though this finding remains contested, like the claim of historian Michel Danino who rubbishes the theory of the latter's southward migration in a paper he presented at the International Symposium on Indus Civilisation and Tamil Language in 2007. [17] About 60 per cent of the total epigraphical inscriptions found by the ASI in India are from Tamil Nadu, and most of these are in the Tamil language. Major railway junctions (four and above lines) in the state are Chennai, Coimbatore, Katpadi, Madurai, Salem, Erode, Dindigul, Karur, Nagercoil, Tiruchirapalli, and Tirunelveli. Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu, Puducherry on edge as very severe cyclone Nivar closes in Tamil Nadu Actor-politician Kushboo escapes unhurt in car accident Tamil Nadu … The number of deaths at areas decreased from 1,053 in 2011 to 881 in 2012 and 867 in 2013.[183]. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian subcontinent and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. Districts are further divided into 226 Taluks administrated by Tahsildars comprising 1127 Revenue blocks administrated by Revenue Inspector (RI). During the administration of Governor George Harris (1854–1859) measures were taken to improve education and increase the representation of Indians in the administration. To the east is the Bay of Bengal and the state encircles the union territory of Puducherry. The Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve established in 1986 is a marine ecosystem with seaweed seagrass communities, coral reefs, salt marshes, and mangrove forests. History of Tamil Nadu. Chennai International Airport is a major international airport and aviation hub in South Asia. Tamil History: History of Tamil Nadu, So: Llc, Books: Amazon.nl Selecteer uw cookievoorkeuren We gebruiken cookies en vergelijkbare tools om uw winkelervaring te verbeteren, onze services aan te bieden, te begrijpen hoe klanten onze services gebruiken zodat we verbeteringen kunnen aanbrengen, en om advertenties weer te geven. This SPV named as "Chennai Metro Rail Limited" was incorporated on 3 December 2007 under the Companies Act. Tamil Nadu also has golf ground in Coimbatore, The Coimbatore Golf Club is an 18-hole golf course located in Chettipalayam in Coimbatore, located within the city limits in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. The government of Tamil Nadu created a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) for implementing the Chennai Metro Rail Project. Chennai Super Kings represent the city of Chennai in the Indian Premier League, a popular Twenty20 league. This was due to the fact that electric carbons were used for motion picture projectors. A survey conducted by the Industry body Assocham ranks Tamil Nadu top among Indian states with about 100% Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) in … Tamil Nadu is a land most known for its monumental ancient Hindu temples and classical form of dance Bharata Natyam. During the 4th to 8th centuries, Tamil Nadu saw the rise of the Pallava dynasty under Mahendravarman I and his son Mamalla Narasimhavarman I. History of Tamil Nadu: | | ||| | A temple from the Chola period. He defeated Mahipala, the king of Bengal, and to commemorate his victory he built a new capital and named it Gangaikonda Cholapuram. The Vijayanagara empire eventually conquered the entire Tamil country by c. 1370 and ruled for almost two centuries until its defeat in the Battle of Talikota in 1565 by a confederacy of Deccan sultanates. Classic editor History Talk (0) Pages in this category should be moved to subcategories when appropriate. [168][citation needed]. Download History of India 11th and 12th Class Tamil Nadu board PDF Download: Download History of India 11th and 12th Class Tamil Nadu board PDF Download : Hello Friends, Today we have brought you Download History of India 11th and 12th Class Tamil Nadu board PDF which is asked in various competitive exams. At its peak, the empire spanned almost 3,600,000 km2 (1,400,000 sq mi). Tamil Nadu is one of the states where law and order has been maintained largely successfully. When India became independent in 1947, Madras presidency became Madras State, comprising present-day Tamil Nadu, coastal Andhra Pradesh up to Ganjam district in Odisha, South Canara district Karnataka, and parts of Kerala. [130] Swamikannu Vincent, who had built the first cinema of South India in Coimbatore, introduced the concept of "Tent Cinema" in which a tent was erected on a stretch of open land close to a town or village to screen the films. Jallikattu, a bull-taming contest, marks the main event of this day. History and distribution of the Tamil people. There were a total of 12,855,485 children enrolled across the state as of 2010, with the split up of 9,797,264 students in primary, 1,873,989 in secondary and 1,184,232 in higher secondary classrooms. Such a phenomenon is unheard of.’ The M. A. Chidambaram Stadium in Chennai is an international cricket ground with a capacity of 50,000 and houses the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association. Rani Velu Nachiyar, was the first woman freedom fighter of India and Queen of Sivagangai. MRTS which covers from Chennai Beach to Velachery, and metro rails also running from Washermenpet to Airport metro station and Central metro station to St.Thomas Mount metro station. Sir please add the latest updates as the site is very useffull. When the sultanate was incorporated into the Mughal Empire in 1688, the northern part of current-day Tamil Nadu was administrated by the Nawab of the Carnatic, who had his seat in Arcot from 1715 onward. [30], Kallanai or Grand Anicut, an ancient dam built on the Kaveri River in Thanjavur district by Karikala Chola around the 2nd century CE[31][32][33][34], Shore Temple built by the Pallavas at Mamallapuram during the 8th century, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This infrastructure would also benefit all the government departments, entrepreneurs and individual homes. The seat of power has always remained with one or the other Dravidian party. [154] In 2003–2004, Tamil Nadu had produced 3783.6 million of eggs, which was the second-highest in India representing 9.37 per cent of the total egg production in the country. According to Mahadevan, the find was evidence of the use of the Harappan language, and therefore that the "Neolithic people of the Tamil country spoke a Harappan language". Although Tamil Nadu accounts for the highest number of road accidents in India, it also leads in having reduced the number of fatalities in accident-prone areas with deployment of personnel and a sustained awareness campaign. Tamil Nadu has 37 universities, 552 (in 2014) engineering colleges. Hundreds of leather and tannery facilities are located around Vellore and its nearby towns. In Tamil Nadu, the television industry is influenced by politics and majority of the channels are owned by politicians or people with political links. Most of these festivals are related to the goddess Maariyamman, the mother goddess of the rain. [199] From a power surplus state in 2005–06, Tamil Nadu has become a state facing severe power shortage over the recent years due to lack of new power generation projects and delay in commercial power generation at Kudankulam Atomic Power Project. [55] Tamil Nadu is divided into seven agro-climatic zones: northeast, northwest, west, southern, high rainfall, high altitude hilly, and Kaveri Delta (the most fertile agricultural zone). Traditional Tamil grammar consists of five parts, namely eḻuttu, sol, poruḷ, yāppu, aṇi. [95] The announcement made by Rajinkanth, to enter the fray of electoral politics in Tamil Nadu has thrown the equilibrium haywire, in the State, as most believed that he would not venture to do so – after all he had evaded the move so long and most parties were literally given up hope and the DMK […] [159] Tirupur is the country's largest exporter of knitwear. Those who uphold this theory favour the view that the Tamils belong to the Dravidian race and were part of the early Indus Valley settlers. The city is one of the largest exporters of wet grinders and auto components and the term "Coimbatore Wet Grinder" has been given a Geographical indication. The second day, Surya Pongal is the main day which falls on the first day of the tenth Tamil month of Thai (14 January or 15 January in the western calendar). The Sangam literature collection contains 2381 poems composed by 473 poets, some 102 of whom remain anonymous. The club is also a popular venue for major golf tournaments held in India. It is also an official language in Sri Lanka and Singapore and has additional speakers in … The chieftains of these Palayams were known as Palaiyakkarar (or 'polygar' as called by British) and were ruling under the nawabs of the Carnatic. Tamil Nadu has been a pioneering state of E-Governance initiatives in India. The question is: Who made them? Modern-day Tamil Nadu was formed in 1956 after the reorganisation of states on linguistic lines. Other problems include class, gender, inter-district, and urban-rural disparities. [82][81], The state has 51,837,507 literates, making the literacy rate 80.33 per cent. Ramachandran Central Railway Station is the gateway for trains towards the north whereas Chennai Egmore serves as the gateway for the south. Road transport is provided by state owned Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation and State Express Transport Corporation. As a breakaway faction of the DMK. The state shares a maritime border with the nation of Sri Lanka. The Pteridophytes diversity of India includes 1,022 species of which Tamil Nadu has about 184 species. [65][66][67] The rural bodies include 31 district panchayats, 385 panchayat unions and 12,524 village panchayats.[68][69][70]. Over 11% of the S&P CNX 500 conglomerates have corporate offices in Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu accounts for 60 per cent of leather tanning capacity in India[163] and 38 per cent of all leather footwear, garments and components. Some of the schemes introduced by the Tamil Nadu government in school education are. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Brihadishwara Temple in Thanjavur, Gangaikonda Cholapuram and the Airavatesvara Temple in Darasuram (Great Chola Temples) and the Shore Temple along with the collection of other monuments in Mamallapuram which have been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.[221][222]. The state has 17,000 hectares of land under oil palm cultivation, the second highest in India. [173] Coimbatore is the second largest software producer in the state, next to Chennai.[174]. Once again, Tamil Nadu acted as a bulwark against Hindi imposition. shrikant kasllu. Medical University, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Saveetha Institute of Medical And Technical Sciences, Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology & Research Academy, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Education_in_Tamil_Nadu&oldid=987849141, Articles needing additional references from July 2020, All articles needing additional references, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Tamil Nadu Anglo-Indian School Leaving Certificate for classes K - 10 and automatically rolled over to, Directorate of Non-formal and Adult Education, Directorate of Teacher Education, Research and Training, State Project Directorate, District Primary Education Programme and SSA, State Project Directorate, Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE), Integrated Education for the Disabled (IED), National Programme of Education for Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL), ITI Certificate (Industrial Training Institute) - Regulated by, Public University or Government University. 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