Explore the latest news & feature from Age International. In our increasingly ageing world, older people have therefore an important role to play in using their votes and voices to see that these lessons about reducing inequalities are learnt and applied in all countries for the benefit of present and future generations. In the last few years, inequality has been hitting the headlines after many years of hiding quietly in the background – or being hidden. The importance of addressing inequalities as a key driver of successful development and prosperous societies has been emphasised by prominent thinkers such as Joseph Stiglitz, Thomas Piketty, Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett, as well as a broad range of international development organisations. Inequalities accrue and get reinforced over a person’s life. Inequality influences, for instance, the chances of holding on to a job, being healthy and, of course, having enough money for retirement. He chairs the HelpAge committee on the Global AgeWatch Index. Age International is a charitable subsidiary of Age UK (registered charity No. We know that inequality has a significant impact on the ability of countries to develop and progress. Here he discusses the issues surrounding inequality and ageing. Poverty, poor health, discrimination and marginalisation are all-too common realities for many older people in both developing and developed countries. The elderly individuals in the modern society have less power and lower social status, but they cannot accept ageing as a way in which cannot be avoided at all. In 2014 to 2016, the level of inequality, or gap, in life expectancy between the most and least deprived areas of England was 9.3 years for males and 7.3 years for females. Socioeconomic status affects the risk of multimorbidity, frailty, and disability, but does not affect the risk of mortality after the onset of these adverse health conditions. Thus, the poor health consequences resulting from gender differences and gender inequalities are not static either. This review illustrates stark contrasts in people’s experiences of later life in terms of health, financial security and social connections. The importance of addressing vulnerabilities over the life course is also beginning to receive more attention in international development circles. ?\��8^�>~?��T��ߜ_��nkk�!�/��+t�>6x��V^xx�ӕYsx���O�G��E����Y����jdx���ט�N�I2P�h�`�L4�!�4Di��o����+)��{���;m����B��Z�y(5�C0C��>9ȼdN1�!�0�$����}��k�C���8�䊶x&Zy���M�n�����-�����$8%/k����J�y�Y|Y$%qhkq��ă��P���d-�ދ�%����A�j�9�O���K����*cX�x�kQ$d���� q-������=ϗbG���-T�ʂr��0!Ȫ�aN���]�,(3�>l�j3e9L��a����0#�?ޟdA��z�f��M��X7��V�������g>����{K>����N��&_R���`/�������!G�9o���x;��ۚ�P����-�Ylcg+c�n��q~t{/M�(�f���y���4�C�w}M}n�6Dމ�8����L»`wI@K����VE�E@�l|]L����n�g�06dJ��5?�U[ Explore publications and documents from Age International and our partners. Read thinkpieces from experts in the fields of ageing, and international development. There are at least 40,000 people under 65 in the UK who have dementia. This is not about isolated individuals, but is a ‘whole society’ agenda. ]/W�w��W��]��x�\��|��Z����������ۛ�Ս������r}���t�v���v}��ɋ��WOǿ\__�>����,n��u]�:<8^�EqJ� ^-��Y��y=d+���װx}��p;���˫_O��xk�!X��w_/?�_|z��j}5//o�����H*j\z���Z�z�������������oV��?wF��mn�,�ˋ��/. The gap between men and women's pay for full-time workers was 9.4% in April 2015, compared with 9.6% in 2014. As women are the ones with longer life expectancy and more often suffer discrimination than men, many older women can expect to be most affected, living with more years of scarcity and strain. Where inequalities already exist earlier in life, however, the likelihood is that they will only get worse without appropriate intervention. More and more older people are living in poverty in both developed and developing countries. Poverty 19 3.1 Poverty trends 20 3.2 Poverty among workless households 26 4. 4076 0 obj <> endobj 4097 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<8BFC964C5FF94C3488746FD0B0A8392C><5DD29E54537C4B47A056A13E7289913E>]/Index[4076 36]/Info 4075 0 R/Length 102/Prev 741922/Root 4077 0 R/Size 4112/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream By continuing to use this site, you are agreeing to our policy. ���6�PY�M���s���v�r�.Z�C�C��}�{�L-���u���38�qboN��K‰�/8 C���rᵄ���,����z���D7|����œ�7�����~�Ç�������������9�������~ap�JǷϟ/^_]��>�w�����˃���.�t��8�=9}�\��8~Z^ܮ/�o�n>./�^��f��w�η� vq�bX���Z-o�! Facing the facts: The truth about ageing and development. The UK has a lot to improve. RH������ �n !\����_ ������g��L���g 0 N7I endstream endobj startxref 0 %%EOF 4110 0 obj <>stream Yet social isolation and exclusion resulting from stigma and age discrimination means that many older people are confronted with inequalities in access to and quality of health care. Improving physical health may slow cognitive decline, by reducing cardiovascular pathology or functional impairment and improving diabetic control [6]. Conclusion 30 Appendix A. Background It is well established that there are ethnic inequalities in health in the UK; however, such inequalities in later life remain a relatively under-researched area. Such factors include discrimination, access to health and care services, mobility and people being allowed to take the decisions that affect their own lives, to name but a few. Income security is not a given at any age, but the majority of the world’s older people find themselves having to work longer out of necessity – even until their final years. In the last few years, inequality has been hitting the headlines after many years of hiding quietly in the background – or being hidden. This depends on policy and action, already evident in the enormous differences of life expectancy that exist within countries and even within cities. Elder abuse is defined as “harmful acts toward an elderly adult, such as physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional or psychological abuse, financial exploitation, and neglect..” Financial exploitation comes from the banking industry; neglect emanates from the halls of Congress; and emotions are stirred through the stories of impoverished seniors:. There are other factors that limit a person’s ability to participate fully in society and exacerbate – if not create – inequalities, especially as people grow older. It is a major theme of the UNDP’s 2014 Human Development Report. Bullying on the basis of actual or perceived sexual … UK income inequality also remains high by international standards. h��[ko���+�h�pw� 0`[q�rR�M� Positive changes can bring benefits at any age. Living standards and income inequality 9 2.1 Changes in household incomes in the UK 9 2.2 Inequality 13 3. But now it is out in the open, with bad news for younger and older people alike. A narrow focus on increasing income as a means to overcoming inequality may mean that policy makers miss these other factors in their interventions. 21 Oct 2020 --- The University of East Anglia, UK, is teaming up with a number of research groups in the East of England to investigate healthier diets for elderly people. Next to Mexico and Chile, America's elderly are experiencing some of the worst income inequality out of any developed country, according to the latest report from the Organisation for … Dementia is not an inevitable part of ageing but we know that the risk of developing dementia increases with age. Poverty is at its highest in London when housing costs are taken into account. Mental and physical well-being are key determinants of life quality and independent living in dementia [5]. On average, women earn less than men in equivalent employment. Age UK has reported that “individual differences have accumulated over the life-course, and socio-economic factors have a predominant influence. It is the collaborative work of teams from the Institute of Health & Society and Institute for Ageing at Newcastle University and the International Longevity Centre-UK (ILC-UK). While growth powered ahead in the second half of the 20th century, and resumed more fitfully after the 2008-09 financial crisis, there have been major winners and losers from the wealth generated. On a separate track on inequalities, I'm rare of a rare disease group, who, through the lack of a diagnostic and treatment pathway have a major inequality in care in the UK. 1128267-8 and company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales, No 07897113. h�bbd``b`�u@��#�X$�A�K��{D��@���@BG ����3X_��c�Y����1��F��]jCE�Aol�~�݇�}�>�/���;s��T�S��f,؞���5Ꜭ9��G? 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