As a yo… The Nile is not only the longest river in Africa, but it is also the longest river in the whole world. Heat and copious rainfall produce thick forests with a great variety of tropical trees and plants, including ebony, banana, rubber, bamboo, and coffee shrub. New regimes call for new months. Endangered Species Day More Than Ever Time. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Banana plant, with bunches of green bananas above large purple-red bracts that contain yellowish flowers. During the annual Nile flood, the basins were flooded and the water allowed to remain on the fields for up to six weeks. 11 Fascinating Nile River Plants and Animals. There is very little genetic diversity in domesticated banana plants, making them especially vulnerable to pests and diseases. The first use of the Nile for irrigation in Egypt began when seeds were sown in the mud left after the annual floodwater had subsided. Annual flooding is a natural feature of the Nile. It is the largest animal that lives in the Nile. Ocean Animal Encyclopedia Oceana ... 11 Fascinating Nile River Plants And Animals Britannica Com animals The Hippopotamus is also one of the many residents of the The Nile River. Grasses and small herbs may be scattered along drainage lines after rainfall, but these die away in a few weeks. Under this system only one crop per year could be grown on the land, and the farmer was always at the mercy of annual fluctuations in the size of the flood. Today, the Nile fan covers an area of about 70,000 square kilometers (27,027 square miles). Only about an 2.5cm of rain falls throughout Egypt each year. Since the completion of the Aswan High Dam, virtually all formerly basin-irrigated land in Upper Egypt has been brought under perennial irrigation. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle. Some species of bamboo are able to grow extremely fast, up to one foot or more daily. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The weaker sex? #Fact 6. The Nile flows north for about 6,650 kilometers (4,132 miles), from the … The Nile perch is found in the lower Nile River system. It is over 4,000 miles long, which is even longer than the entire width of the United States!. While the people of Sudan make use of the waters of the Nile for irrigation, reliance on the river is not absolute, as a fair amount of rainfall occurs in the southern parts. Because of the limitations of the basin method of irrigation, perennial irrigation—in which the water is controlled so that it can be made to run into the land at regular intervals throughout the year—has largely replaced it. Large bamboo plants, Africa. One of the most feared predators living in and around the lake is the Nile crocodile, a mastodont of a reptile! In ancient times, the Egyptians believed the hippo or the 'river horse' to be an animal of worship. The drainage basin of River Nile spans on 11 … Nile Soft-shelled Turtle. Perennial irrigation in Sudan began with the completion of the combined dam and barrage near Sannār on the Blue Nile in 1925. The water was then permitted to drain away as the river level fell, and a thin deposit of rich Nile silt was left on the land each year. However, there is much more to the Nile River than just that. But each summer, the Nile river rises because of rains at its source, far to the south in Ethiopia. List / History 5 Famous Battle-Axes. The flattened shell is hydrodynamically efficient and contributes to the softshell turtle’s ability to swim rapidly. It has daggerlike teeth that protrude when its mouth is closed, and it is known for being fierce, whether it is predator or prey. They do not live all the way in the water, they live in the mud (marsh) on the banks of the Nile. The Dinka and Nuer are pastoralists whose movements are dictated by the Nile’s seasonal flow. This lizard stands out from the waters with its yellow and orange stripes. What Is the Longest River in the World? Rescue Other In Need The Dodo Top 5 Youtube. The vegetation there includes papyrus, tall bamboolike grasses, reed mace ambatch, or turor, water lettuce, a species of convolvulus, and the South American water hyacinth. The Nile River only competes with the Amazon River for scope and size. The common eel penetrates as far south as Khartoum, and the spiny eel is found in Lake Victoria. Under this system, the fields on the flat floodplain were divided by earth banks into a series of large basins of varying size but some as large as 50,000 acres (20,000 hectares). Featured Lists. It has been a source of life in an otherwise inhospitable desert climate. The tigerfish is found in the lower Nile River system. Lake Victoria is drained solely by the Nile River near Jinja, Uganda, on the lake's northern shore. The adjective “yellow” simply describes the color of the muddy water in the lower course of the river, which happens due to soil (loess) being carried downstream. Alexandrine’s interests in traveling were developed at an early age. NOW 50% OFF! The river Nile is known as the longest river in the world. It flows for 4,132 miles (6,650 kilometers), with 960 miles (1,545 kilometers) of its course in Egypt. Without the Nile River, all of Egypt would be desert. African Tigerfish. In the areas where no irrigation is practiced, different zones of plant life may be roughly divided according to the amount of rainfall. Not these women. The Nile is Africa’s longest river, it and its principal tributaries traversing parts of 10 countries and several different physiographic regions. 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